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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 274142, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/274142
Research Article

Prevalence of Congenital Malaria in Minna, North Central Nigeria

1Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
2Dentistry Department, Niger State General Hospital, Minna 900002, Nigeria
3Department of Biochemistry/Physiology, University of Abuja, FCT, Nigeria

Received 14 April 2011; Revised 24 June 2011; Accepted 28 June 2011

Academic Editor: Demba Sarr

Copyright © 2012 Innocent Chukwuemeka James Omalu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The study was designed to determine the true prevalence of congenital, cord, and placental malaria in General Hospital Minna, North Central Nigeria. Peripheral blood smears of near-term pregnant women, as well as the placental, cord, and peripheral blood smears of their newborn babies, were examined for malaria parasites, using the Giemsa staining technique. Out of 152 pregnant women screened, 21 (13.82%) of them were infected with malaria parasites. Of the 152 new born babies, 4 (2.63%) showed positive peripheral parasitaemia. Placental parasitaemia was 7/152 (4.61%), while cord blood parasitaemia was 9/152 (5.92%). There were strong associations between peripheral and cord malaria parasitaemia and congenital malaria ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ). Plasmodium falciparum occurred in all, and none had mixed infection. The average birth weights of the babies delivered of nonmalarious pregnant women were higher than those delivered by malarious pregnant women, though not significant ( 𝑃 > 0 . 0 5 ). Malaria parasitaemia occurred more frequently in primigravidae than multigravidae.