Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Paraguayan Communities, Patients, and Health Professionals

Table 3

Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CI and adjusted Wald values of factors affecting having heard of CL/MCL among endemic community respondents.

Risk factorCrude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR* (95% CI)

Age( )( )
 14–24 years11
 25–34 years1.54 (0.75–3.17)1.75 (0.76–3.99)
 35–44 years1.46 (0.75–2.86)1.95 (0.96–3.98)
 45–59 years2.13 (1.15–3.94)2.71 (1.465.03)
 60+2.13 (1.24–3.65)2.79 (1.515.17)

Education( )( )
 No education and primary school11
 Secondary school1.09 (0.64–1.87)1.67 (0.98–2.83)
 University1.45 (0.59–3.61)2.23 (0.98–5.11)

Sex( )( )
 Male11
 Female0.68 (0.48–0.96)0.72 (0.49–1.04)

Location( )( )
 Urban11
 Peri-urban1.70 (0.91–3.18)1.75 (0.98–3.11)
 Rural2.66 (1.51–4.68)2.86 (1.545.31)

Income( )( )
 <1 minimum salary ($288 USD)11
 1+ minimum salary2.15 (1.21–3.79)2.22 (1.214.07)
 No fixed income1.73 (1.05–2.86)1.78 (1.053.01)

 *Each adjusted for the other exposure variables: age, income, sex, house location, education.

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