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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 157430, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/157430
Research Article

Child Health in the Peruvian Amazon: Prevalence and Factors Associated with Referred Morbidity and Health Care Access in the City of Iñapari

1Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Desporto, Universidade Federal do Acre, Campus Universitário, BR 364, km 04, Bairro Distrito Industrial, 69920-900 Rio Branco, AC, Brazil
2Dirección Regional de Salud de Madre de Dios, Avenida Ernesto Rivero N° 475, Puerto Maldonado, Peru
3Instituto Nacional de Salud, Cápac Yupanqui 1400, Jesus María, 15072 Lima 11, Peru

Received 18 June 2015; Revised 29 September 2015; Accepted 12 October 2015

Academic Editor: Marcel Tanner

Copyright © 2015 Maria Gabriela Silva Guimarães et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Children under 5 years of age are more susceptible to developing morbidities such as diarrhea, respiratory infections, anemia, and malnutrition. The objective of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of reported morbidities in this age group in the city of Iñapari (Peru) and the access to health services in this municipality. Methods. Data collection using interviews that assessed socioeconomic and demographic conditions, child morbidity, and access to health services was performed in 2011. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0. Results. Regarding morbidities that occurred during lifetime, 39.8% reported previous anemia and intestinal parasite infection. About 53.7% of the children reported any type of morbidities in the last 15 days before interview, being most frequent respiratory symptoms (38.9%), diarrhea (23,4%), and fever (23,1%). Only 63.1% of those reporting recent morbidities sought health care. These morbidities were associated with precarious sanitation and lack of infrastructure, the presence of other comorbidities, and poor access to health services. Conclusion. The main referred morbidities in Amazonian Peruvian children were diarrhea, respiratory symptoms, anemia, and vomiting. Incentives and improvements in the health and sanitation conditions would be important measures to improve the quality of life of the Amazonian child population.