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Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5629130, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5629130
Research Article

Liver Fibrosis and Hepatitis B Coinfection among ART Naïve HIV-Infected Patients at a Tertiary Level Hospital in Northwestern Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, P.O. Box 1464, Mwanza, Tanzania
2Department of Medicine, Bugando Medical Centre, P.O. Box 1370, Mwanza, Tanzania
3Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, The University of Dodoma, P.O. Box 395, Dodoma, Tanzania

Correspondence should be addressed to Semvua B. Kilonzo

Received 2 May 2017; Revised 11 June 2017; Accepted 22 June 2017; Published 30 July 2017

Academic Editor: Marcel Tanner

Copyright © 2017 Semvua B. Kilonzo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Liver fibrosis which is a common complication of chronic hepatitis B infection is rarely diagnosed in low-resource countries due to limited capacity to perform biopsy studies. Data on the utilization of noninvasive techniques which are feasible for diagnosis of liver fibrosis in these settings among HIV-infected patients is scarce. The objective of this study was to establish the magnitude of liver fibrosis by using both aspartate-aminotransferase-to-platelets ratio and fibrosis-4 scores with associated hepatitis B coinfection among antiretroviral therapy naïve HIV-infected patients. Methods. We reviewed data of 743 adult patients attending HIV clinic with available hepatitis B surface antigen test results. Baseline clinical information was recorded and aspartate-aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio and fibrosis-4 scores were calculated. The cut-off values of 1.5 and 3.25 were used for diagnosis of significant fibrosis by aspartate-aminotransferase-to-platelets ratio and fibrosis-4 scores, respectively. Results. The prevalence of liver fibrosis was 3.5% when aspartate-aminotransferase-to-platelet score was used and 4.6% with fibrosis-4 score and they were both significantly higher among patients with hepatitis B coinfection. Younger patients with HIV advanced disease and elevated liver transaminases had increased risk of having hepatitis B coinfection. Conclusion. A remarkable number of HIV-infected patients present with liver fibrosis, predominantly those with hepatitis B infection.