Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke in Sub-Saharan Africa

Table 2

Characteristics of case series included in the systematic review.

Author, yearCountryPatient recruitment and setting Case definition Case ascertainmentStroke typeMean age (years)Sample size IS/HS (%)Risk factors reported

Mayowa et al., 2013NigeriaHospital based consecutive adult stroke patientsNRCT scan and/or MRIIschemic and hemorrhagic60.828261.7/33.3Age, sex, hypertension, waist hip ratio, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, alcohol use, smoking, physical inactivity, body mass index

Albertino et al., 2010MozambiqueHospital based adult stroke admissionsWHOCT scan and necropsyIschemic and hemorrhagic59.165142.0/36.1Age, sex, race, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, AF

Sennay et al., 2016EthiopiaHospital based adult stroke patientsNRCT scan and neurological evaluationIschemic hemorrhagic, TIA and other62.814255.6/32.4Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, address

Sagui et al., 2005SenegalHospital based adult stroke admissionsWHO CT scanIschemic and hemorrhagic60.410770.0/30.0Age, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, AF

Connor et al., 2007South AfricaHospital based consecutive adult stroke patientsWHOCT scan or MRIIschemic and hemorrhagic5343258.0/42.0Age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, alcohol use, smoking, AF, TIA

Nakibuuka et al., 2012UgandaHospital based consecutive adult stroke patientsNRCT scanIschemic and hemorrhagic62.213977.6/22.4Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, alcohol use, physical inactivity

Masharip et al., 2012ZambiaHospital based adult stroke patientsWHOWHO CT scanIschemic and hemorrhagic5525065/35Age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, alcohol use, HIV infection, previous stroke, AF

NR = not reported.

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