Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke in Sub-Saharan Africa

Table 4

Pooled prevalences for hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke by selected risk factors for stroke.

Risk factor References Pooled prevalence -HS (% ) Pooled prevalence – IS (% )

Hypertension7 [1517, 2427]73.562.80.001
Diabetes7 [1517, 2427]10.615.90.009
Alcohol use4 [15, 16, 26, 27]29.324.20.182
Smoking6 [15, 16, 2427]11.213.10.340
Atrial fibrillation5 [15, 16, 24, 25, 27]2.39.60.001
HIV infection2 [15, 16]11.820.00.123
Hypercholesterolemia4 [15, 16, 25, 27]18.613.70.176

Statistical significance at 5% level.

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