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Journal of Thyroid Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 934104, 8 pages
Review Article

Iodine and Pregnancy

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
2Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 East Newton Street, Evans 201, Boston, MA 02118, USA

Received 14 March 2011; Accepted 11 April 2011

Academic Editor: Roberto Negro

Copyright © 2011 Christina Yarrington and Elizabeth N. Pearce. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Iodine is a necessary element for the production of thyroid hormone. We will review the impact of dietary iodine status on thyroid function in pregnancy. We will discuss iodine metabolism, homeostasis, and nutritional recommendations for pregnancy. We will also discuss the possible effects of environmental contaminants on iodine utilization in pregnant women.