Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Thyroid Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 798963, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/798963
Research Article

Iodine Intake and Thyroid Function in Pregnant Women in a Private Clinical Practice in Northwestern Sydney before Mandatory Fortification of Bread with Iodised Salt

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Blacktown Hospital and Norwest Private Hospital, 9 Norbrik Drive, Bella Vista 2153, Sydney, NSW, Australia
2NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre, Faculty of Medicine, 92 Parramatta Road, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
3International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
4Sydney Thyroid Clinic, Westmead Specialist Centre, Suite 8, 16-18 Mons Road Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia

Received 1 June 2012; Accepted 28 August 2012

Academic Editor: Elizabeth N. Pearce

Copyright © 2012 Norman Blumenthal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. J. Eastman, “Where has all our iodine gone? The possible re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Australia needs to be investigated in national surveys,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 171, no. 9, pp. 455–456, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. J. Eastman, “Iodine supplementation: the benefits for pregnant and lactating women in Australia and New Zealand,” Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists O & G Magazine, vol. 7, pp. 65–66, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Li, C. J. Eastman, K. V. Waite et al., “Are Australian children iodine deficient? Results of the Australian National Iodine Nutrition Study,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 184, no. 4, pp. 165–169, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Glinoer, “The importance of iodine nutrition during pregnancy,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 12 A, pp. 1542–1546, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Qian, D. Wang, W. E. Watkins et al., “The effects of iodine on intelligence in children: a meta-analysis of studies conducted in China,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 32–42, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. B. Zimmermann, P. L. Jooste, and C. S. Pandav, “Iodine-deficiency disorders,” The Lancet, vol. 372, no. 9645, pp. 1251–1262, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Li, “Re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Australia,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 200–203, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. E. Gunton, G. Hams, M. Fiegert, and A. McElduff, “Iodine deficiency in ambulatory participants at a Sydney teaching hospital: is Australia truly iodine replete?” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 171, no. 9, pp. 467–470, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. A. Hamrosi, E. M. Wallace, and M. D. Riley, “Iodine status in pregnant women living in Melbourne differs by ethnic group,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 27–31, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. A. Travers, K. Guttikonda, C. A. Norton et al., “Iodine status in pregnant women and their newborns: are our babies at risk of iodine deficiency?” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 184, no. 12, pp. 617–620, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. A. Seal, Z. Doyle, J. R. Burgess, R. Taylor, and A. R. Cameron, “Iodine status of Tasmanians following voluntary fortification of bread with iodine,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 186, pp. 69–71, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. Andersson, B. De Benoist, F. Delange, and J. Zupan, “Prevention and control of iodine deficiency in pregnant and lactating women and in children less than 2-years-old: conclusions and recommendations of the Technical Consultation,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 12 A, pp. 1606–1611, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. E. Charlton, L. Gemming, H. Yeatman, and G. Ma, “Suboptimal iodine status of Australian pregnant women reflects poor knowledge and practices related to iodine nutrition,” Nutrition, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 963–968, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. M. Gilbert, N. C. Hadlow, J. P. Walsh et al., “Assessment of thyroid function during pregnancy: first-trimester (weeks 9–13) reference intervals derived from Western Australian women,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 189, no. 5, pp. 250–253, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. J. Eastman, “Screening for thyroid disease and iodine deficiency,” Pathology, vol. 44, pp. 153–159, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. Li, S. Chapman, K. Agho, and C. J. Eastman, “Can even minimal news coverage influence consumer health-related behaviour? A case study of iodized salt sales, Australia,” Health Education Research, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 543–548, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Food Standards Australia and New Zealand, “Proposal P1003. Mandatory iodine fortification for Australia,” Canberra: FSANZ, 2008, http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/_srcfiles/AppR_P1003_Mandatory_Iodine_Fortification_Aust%20APPR.pdf.
  18. G. Gallego, S. Goodall, and C. J. Eastman, “Iodine deficiency in Australia: is iodine supplementation for pregnant and lactating women warranted?” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 192, no. 8, pp. 461–463, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. E. M. Mackerras and C. J. Eastman, “Estimating the iodine supplementation level to recommend for pregnant and breastfeeding women in Australia,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 197, pp. 238–242, 2012. View at Google Scholar