Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Thyroid Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 160780, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/160780
Research Article

Maternal Hypothyroidism in Early Pregnancy and Infant Structural Congenital Malformations

1Tornblad Institute, Lund University, Biskopsgatan 7, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
2National Board of Health and Welfare, 10630 Stockholm, Sweden
3Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine, Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 27 November 2013; Revised 9 January 2014; Accepted 9 February 2014; Published 12 March 2014

Academic Editor: Noriyuki Koibuchi

Copyright © 2014 Bengt Källén and Birgitta Norstedt Wikner. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. B. Man, R. H. Holden, and W. S. Jones, “Thyroid function in human pregnancy. VII. Development and retardation of 4-year-old progeny of euthyroid and of hypothyroxinemic women,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 12–19, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Chevrier, K. G. Harley, L. Kogut, N. Holland, C. Johnson, and B. Eskenazi, “Maternal thyroid function during the second half of pregnancy and child neurodevelopment at 6, 12, 24, and 60 months of age,” Journal of Thyroid Research, vol. 2011, Article ID 426427, 13 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. J. B. Mayer and A. Hammer, “Die Embryopathia thyreotica,” Archiv für Kinderheilkunde, vol. 153, pp. 123–141, 1958. View at Google Scholar
  4. O. P. Heinonen, D. Slone, and S. Shapiro, Birth Defects and Drugs in Pregnancy, Publishing Sciences Group, Littleton, Mass, USA, 1977.
  5. M. J. Khoury, J. E. Becerra, and P. J. d'Almada, “Maternal thyroid disease and risk of birth defects in offspring: a population-based case-control study,” Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 402–420, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. P. Ordóñez, J. Nazer, A. Aguila, and L. Cifuentes, “Malformaciones congénitas y patologia crónica de la madre. Estudie ECLAMC, 1971–1999,” Revista Médica de Chile, vol. 131, pp. 404–411, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  7. B. Norstedt Wikner, L. Skjöldebrand Sparre, C.-O. Stiller, B. Källén, and C. Asker, “Maternal use of thyroid hormones in pregnancy and neonatal outcome,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 617–627, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. J. Lee, M. A. Canfield, S. S. Haschmi et al., “Association between thyroxin level at birth and choanal atresia or stenosis among infants in Texas, 2004–2007,” Birth Defects Research A, vol. 94, pp. 951–954, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  9. National Board of Health and Welfare Centre for Epidemiology, “The Swedish Medical Birth Register—a summary of content and quality,” 2003, http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/Publikationer2003/2003-112-3.
  10. National Board of Health and Welfare Centre for Epidemiology, “Registration of congenital malformations in Swedish health registers,” 2004, http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/Publikationer2004/2004-112-1.