Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Thyroid Research
Volume 2015, Article ID 819072, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/819072
Research Article

Thyroid Autoantibodies in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Subjects with and without Thyroid Disease: Implications for Hashimoto’s Encephalopathy

1Endocrine Unit, Elena Venizelou Hospital, 2 E. Venizelou Square, 11521 Athens, Greece
2Neurology Department, University of Athens Medical School, Aeginition Hospital, 72-74 Vasilissis Sofias Avenue, 11528 Athens, Greece

Received 12 October 2015; Accepted 13 December 2015

Academic Editor: Brendan C. Stack Jr.

Copyright © 2015 Ioannis Ilias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Brain, E. H. Jellinek, and K. Ball, “Hashimoto's disease and encephalopathy,” The Lancet, vol. 2, no. 7462, pp. 512–514, 1966. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. Ferracci, G. Bertiato, and G. Moretto, “Hashimoto's encephalopathy: epidemiologic data and pathogenetic considerations,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 217, no. 2, pp. 165–168, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. H. Martínez, O. Torres, M. M. Mangual et al., “Hashimoto's encephalopathy: an underdiagnosed clinical entity,” Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico, vol. 105, no. 1, pp. 57–61, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Schiess and C. A. Pardo, “Hashimoto's encephalopathy,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1142, pp. 254–265, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Hall and S. G. Owen, “Thyroid antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 2, article 710, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Ferracci, G. Moretto, R. M. Candeago et al., “Antithyroid antibodies in the CSF: their role in the pathogenesis of Hashimoto's encephalopathy,” Neurology, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 712–714, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Seipelt, I. Zerr, R. Nau et al., “Hashimoto's encephalitis as a differential diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 172–176, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. P. Flanagan and R. J. Caselli, “Autoimmune encephalopathy,” Seminars in Neurology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 144–157, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Blanchin, C. Coffin, F. Viader et al., “Anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies from patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy bind to cerebellar astrocytes,” Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol. 192, no. 1-2, pp. 13–20, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Mocellin, M. Walterfang, and D. Velakoulis, “Hashimoto's encephalopathy: epidemiology, pathogenesis and management,” CNS Drugs, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 799–811, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Oide, T. Tokuda, M. Yazaki et al., “Anti-neuronal autoantibody in Hashimoto's encephalopathy: neuropathological, immunohistochemical, and biochemical analysis of two patients,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 217, no. 1, pp. 7–12, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. L. Tsai, E. C. Lewis, E. Sell, and S. Whiting, “Central nervous system vasculitis with positive antithyroid antibodies in an adolescent boy,” Pediatric Neurology, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 189–192, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Rössler and J. M. Klotz, “Zerebrale Vaskulitis bei Autoimmunthyreoiditis,” Fortschritte der Neurologie Psychiatrie, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 166–169, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. H. Becker, M. Hofmann, H. von Einsiedel, B. Conrad, and D. Sander, “Umschriebene vaskulitis mit posteriorinfarkt bei hashimoto-enzephalopathie,” Nervenarzt, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 376–379, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. D. Pleasure, “Diagnostic and pathogenic significance of glutamate receptor autoantibodies,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 589–592, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Kalman, “Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis,” in Neuroimmunology in Clinical Practice, B. Kalman and T. Brannagan III, Eds., pp. 189–190, Blackwell, Malden, Mass, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar