Table 1: Inclusion and exclusion criteria [9].

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria

Clinical (i) Previous thyroid surgery
 (i) Patients of all age group(ii) Ultrasound-estimated thyroid volumes >80 ml
 (ii) Patients of ASA grades I & II(iii) Patients on drugs that have an effect on coagulation
 (iii) First neck surgery
 (iv) Euthyroidism
 (v) Ultrasound estimated volume <80 ml
 (vi) Patients undergoing hemithyroidectomy
  (i) Established autonomy at admission
  (ii) Adequate home support at discharge
 (iii) Able to communicate