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Journal of Transplantation
Volume 2011, Article ID 626501, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/626501
Review Article

Donors and Recipients of Living Kidney Donation: A Qualitative Metasummary of Their Experiences

Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, P.O. Box 6128, Downtown Station, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7

Received 15 January 2011; Accepted 15 April 2011

Academic Editor: O. Ringdén

Copyright © 2011 Deborah Ummel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the notable growth in the qualitative investigation of living kidney donation, there is value in aggregating results from this body of research to learn from accumulated experience. The present paper aims to draw a complete portrait of living donors' and recipients' experience of donation by metasummarizing published studies. We found that donors' experience, particularly the decision-making process, has been more extensively studied than the recipients' perspective. Donors differ in their initial level of motivation to donate but on the whole report positive experiences and personal benefits. They also identify difficult periods and the need for additional resources. Recipients report an often positive but more ambivalent reaction to donation. In terms of relational issues between dyads, while the topic remains understudied, the donor-recipient relationship and gift reciprocity have received the most attention. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for future practice and research.