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Journal of Transplantation
Volume 2015, Article ID 163757, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/163757
Research Article

Delayed Graft Function in Kidney Transplants: Time Evolution, Role of Acute Rejection, Risk Factors, and Impact on Patient and Graft Outcome

1Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation and Department of Abdominal Surgery, CUB, Erasmus Hospital, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, Belgium
2Research Center of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, School of Public Health, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, Belgium
3Nephrology Department, Antwerp University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650 Edegem, Belgium

Received 29 April 2015; Accepted 26 August 2015

Academic Editor: F. H. J. Claas

Copyright © 2015 Martin Chaumont et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Although numerous risk factors for delayed graft function (DGF) have been identified, the role of ischemia-reperfusion injury and acute rejection episodes (ARE) occurring during the DGF period is ill-defined and DGF impact on patient and graft outcome remains controversial. Methods. From 1983 to 2014, 1784 kidney-only transplantations from deceased donors were studied. Classical risk factors for DGF along with two novel ones, recipient’s perioperative saline loading and residual diuresis, were analyzed by logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results. Along with other risk factors, absence of perioperative saline loading increases acute rejection incidence (OR = 1.9 [1.2–2.9]). Moreover, we observed two novel risk factors for DGF: patient’s residual diuresis ≤500 mL/d (OR = 2.3 [1.6–3.5]) and absence of perioperative saline loading (OR = 3.3 [2.0–5.4]). Area under the curve of the ROC curve (0.77 [0.74–0.81]) shows an excellent discriminant power of our model, irrespective of rejection. DGF does not influence patient survival . However, graft survival is decreased only when rejection was associated with DGF .  Conclusions. Perioperative saline loading efficiently prevents ischemia-reperfusion injury, which is the predominant factor inducing DGF. DGF per se has no influence on patient and graft outcome. Its incidence is currently close to 5% in our centre.