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Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 408724, 5 pages
Research Article

Phenotypical and Genotypical Properties of an Arcanobacterium pluranimalium Strain Isolated from a Juvenile Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)

1Landesbetrieb Hessisches Landeslabor, Schubertstraße 60, 35392 Gießen, Germany
2Frankfurt Zoo, Bernhard-Grzimek-Allee 1, 60316 Frankfurt, Germany
3Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Schubertstraße 81, 35392 Gießen, Germany
4Institut für Lebensmittelqualität und-sicherheit, Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173 Hannover, Germany

Received 8 January 2014; Accepted 14 April 2014; Published 30 April 2014

Academic Editor: Daniel A. Feeney

Copyright © 2014 Karin Risse et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present study was designed to characterize phenotypically and genotypically an Arcanobacterium pluranimalium strain (A. pluranimalium 4868) following necropsy from a juvenile giraffe. The species identity could be confirmed by phenotypical investigations and by MALDI-TOF MS analysis, by sequencing the 16S rDNA, pluranimaliumlysin encoding gene pla, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase encoding gene gap with sequence similarities to A. pluranimalium reference strain DSM 13483T of 99.2%, 89.9%, and 99.1%, respectively. To our knowledge, the present study is the first phenotypic and genotypic characterization of an A. pluranimalium strain isolated from a giraffe.