Table of Contents Author Guidelines
Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 4178986, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4178986
Review Article

Probiotics for the Control of Helminth Zoonosis

School of Veterinary Medicine, Wollo University, P.O. Box 1145, Dessie, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Abadi Amare Reda; moc.oohay@erama.idaba

Received 17 November 2017; Accepted 27 December 2017; Published 31 January 2018

Academic Editor: Antonio Ortega-Pacheco

Copyright © 2018 Abadi Amare Reda. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper is a comprehensive, concise, and an up to date review about probiotics effect and mechanisms against helminth infections of zoonotic importance. Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans in a reversible way. Despite zoonotic helminth diseases being still a challenge to the public health and the agriculture industries globally, they were still neglected in both human and veterinary medicine. Moreover, the increasing emergence of anthelmintic drug resistance constitutes failures of most disease control strategies, alarming for a quest to new alternative control approaches. Consequently, the use of beneficial microorganisms, probiotics, is becoming interesting for its prophylactic or therapeutic application against several diseases including helminths. Recent studies on probiotics against parasites and the interactions between bacteria, parasites, and the immune system in the gut draw much attention. However, the effects of these beneficial microorganisms in helminth infections remain largely unexplored. Therefore, the aim of the present review is to raise attention and to summarize recent findings on probiotics research against helminth parasites of zoonotic significance. State-of-the-art research on beneficial effects of bacteria on helminth infections and their proposed mechanisms of action is thoroughly discussed.