Table of Contents
Laser Chemistry
Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 87-99

Periodic Orbits as a Probe to Reveal Exotic States in Vibrationally Excited Molecules: The Saddle-Node States

Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, and Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Iraklion, Crete 711 10, Greece

Received 8 July 1992

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We present theoretical results which show the existence of isomerizing localized quantum states above potential barriers for the excited 1B2 states of SO2 and O3. These states are assigned by periodic orbits which emerge from saddle-node bifurcations, the characteristic of which is the simultaneous generation of two families of periodic orbits one stable and one unstable. Similar isomerizing states and bifurcations have been found for other molecules, and this leads to the conclusion, that the appearance of saddle-node type states may be a generic phenomenon for molecular potentials with barriers.