Table of Contents
Laser Chemistry
Volume 14, Issue 1-3, Pages 85-102
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1994/64258

Stimulated Raman–UV Optical Double Resonance Spectroscopy of Van Der Waals Complexes of Benzene

1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980, Japan
2Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444, Japan
3Toyota Central Research & Development Laboratories, Inc. 41–1, Aza Yokomichi, Oaza Nagakute, Aichi-gun, Aichiken, Nagakute-cho 480-11, Japan

Received 3 April 1993

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Spectroscopic and dynamical studies of the van der Waals complexes of benzene–Ar, benzene–N2 and benzene dimer in the electronically ground state (S0) have been performed by the use of stimulated Raman–UV optical double resonance spectroscopy. The vibrational frequency of mode 1 of the complexes and the decay rate constants of the 11 levels (∼993 cm-1) have been measured. The vibrational frequency shifts of mode 1 in S0 upon complex formation were less than 1 cm-1for all the complexes. On the other hand, the decay rate constant due to intramolecular vibrational redistribution and/or vibrational predissociation showed a drastic change. The decay rate constant of the 11 level of the benzene dimer was 2.4 × 107 s-1, while those of the benzene–Ar and benzene–N2 complexes were much smaller than 1 × 106 s-1. It was also found that the decay rate constant in S0 is much smaller than that in S1. For the benzene dimer, the depolarization ratio of Raman band of mode 1 was recalculated by taking into account of the anisotropy of the polarizability of benzene molecule. The comparison between the observed and calculated polarization ratio shows that the benzene dimer has the “T-shaped” structure which was proposed by the group of Felker.