Table of Contents
Laser Chemistry
Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 99-109

Time-Resolved Quadrupole Mass Spectrometric Studies on Pulsed Laser Ablation of TiO2

Laser Chemistry Institute, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China

Received 8 February 1999; Accepted 19 February 1999

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pulsed laser ablation of TiO2 at 355 nm and 532 nm has been investigated using an angleand time-resolved quadrupole mass spectrometric technique. The major ablated species include O (m/e = 16), O2 (m/e = 32), Ti (m/e = 48), TiO (m/e = 64) and TiO2 (m/e = 80). The time-of-flight (TOF) spectra of ablated species are measured for the ionic and neutral ablated species, and they can be fitted by a Maxwell – Boltzmann (M – B) distribution with a center-of-mass velocity. The measured angular distributions of the ionic species (O+ and Ti+) and the neutral species (O and Ti) can be fitted with cosnθ and acosθ+(1a)cosnθ, respectively. In addition, a continuous wave oxygen molecular beam is introduced into the ablated plume, and the enhancement of the signal intensities of TiO is observed. It implies that the ablated Ti atoms/ions species can react with ambient oxygen molecules in the gas phase. In the meanwhile, the physicochemical mechanism of pulsed laser ablation of TiO2 is discussed.