Table of Contents
Lung Cancer International
Volume 2013, Article ID 131869, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/131869
Review Article

Helicobacter pylori Infection and Risk of Lung Cancer: A Meta-Analysis

Vasavi College of Pharmacy, Tadepalligudem, Andhra Pradesh 534101, India

Received 9 December 2012; Revised 7 January 2013; Accepted 1 February 2013

Academic Editor: Elisabeth Quoix

Copyright © 2013 Pulikonda Mounika. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Recent evidence showed that Helicobacter pylori seropositivity is a risk factor for gastric and several other cancers. However, evidence on H. pylori infection and risk of lung cancer has been controversial, with a limited number of underpowered studies. We therefore examined the association between H. pylori infection and risk of lung cancer. Methods. A comprehensive literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE (until October 2012) for studies investigating an association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and risk of lung cancer. Pooled odds ratio (OR) was calculated using random-effects model. Subgroup and sensitivity analysis were also done. Results. A total of seven studies (6 case-control and 1 cohort study) were included for the analysis. There was a significant heterogeneity among the studies, but no publication bias was observed. We found that H. pylori infection was associated with significantly increased risk of lung cancer (pooled OR, 2.29 (95% CI, 1.34–3.91) ). Conclusions. Our meta-analysis suggests a significant increased risk of lung cancer in patients with H. pylori infection. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and to identify the underlying biological mechanisms.