Laser and Particle Beams
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Acceptance rate23%
Submission to final decision75 days
Acceptance to publication20 days
CiteScore2.400
Journal Citation Indicator0.240
Impact Factor1.160

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 Journal profile

Laser and Particle Beams is an open-access journal publishing original research and review articles covering basic physics issues of intense laser and particle beams, and the interaction of these beams with matter.

 Editor spotlight

Chief Editor, Dr Katarzyna Batani, is based at the Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Poland.

 Special Issues

We currently have a number of Special Issues open for submission. Special Issues highlight emerging areas of research within a field, or provide a venue for a deeper investigation into an existing research area.

Latest Articles

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Research Article

Reverse Saturable Absorption in Substituted Hydrazones and Its Structure-Property Relationship for Photonic Applications

The third-order nonlinear optical properties of three hydrazone derivatives, namely, ethyl 2-((2E)-2-(4-(dimethylamino)benzylidene]hydrazinyl)-5-nitrobenzoate, ethyl 2-((2E)-2-(4-chlorobenzylidene)hydrazino)-5-nitrobenzoate, and methyl 5-nitro-2-((2E)-2-(4-nitrobenzylidene)hydrazino)benzoate were investigated by the single beam Z-scan technique with nanosecond laser pulses at 532 nm. The compounds were doped into PMMA (poly (methyl methacrylate)), and their third-order nonlinearity was studied with a prospective of reaching a compromise between processability and high nonlinear optical behavior. The optical limiting study of the samples was carried out at 532 nm. The measured values of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility, χ(3), and the nonlinear refractive index, , are of the order of and , respectively. The nonlinear absorption in materials was attributed to reverse saturable absorption. The results are quite promising for possible applications in photonic devices.

Research Article

Effect of Viscosity on Stopping Power for a Charged Particle Moving above Two-Dimensional Electron Gas

In two-dimensional (2D) electron systems, the viscous flow is dominant when electron-electron collisions occur more frequently than the impurity or phonon scattering. In this work, a quantum hydrodynamic model, considering viscosity, is proposed to investigate the interaction of a charged particle moving above the two-dimensional viscous electron gas. The stopping power, perturbed electron gas density, and the spatial distribution of the velocity vector field have been theoretically analyzed and numerically calculated. The calculation results show that viscosity affects the spatial distribution and amplitude of the velocity field. The stopping power, which is an essential quantity for describing the interactions of ions with the 2D electron gas, is calculated, indicating that the incident particle will suffer less energy loss due to the weakening of the dynamic electron polarization and induced electric field in 2D electron gas with the viscosity. The values of the stopping power may be more accurate after considering the effect of viscosity. Our results may open up new possibilities to control the interaction of ions with 2D electron gas in the surface of metal or semiconductor heterostructure by variation of the viscosity.

Research Article

Self-focusing/Defocusing of Hermite-Sinh-Gaussian Laser Beam in Underdense Inhomogeneous Plasmas

The self-focusing/defocusing of Hermite-sinh-Gaussian (HshG) laser beam in underdense inhomogeneous plasmas is studied by using higher-order approximation theory. It is found that Hermite mode index and the fluctuation of the periodic plasma density have a significant effect on the dielectric constant and laser beam self-focusing/self-defocusing. With the increase of mode index, the high-order HshG laser beam is beneficial to suppress self-focusing and enhance self-defocusing. In addition, the effects of decentered parameters, beam intensity, and plasma non-uniformity on self-focusing/self-defocusing are discussed.

Research Article

Numerical Simulation and Validation of Multiscale 3D Laser Spiral Machining of Microholes

Femtosecond laser ablation is widely applied in high-precision machining of microholes in aeroengine turbine blades. To further explore the mechanism of action during the laser processing of microholes, numerical simulations were performed on the basis of a molecular dynamics (MD) method coupled with a two-temperature model (TTM). Laser irradiation on the surface of copper for different femtosecond-laser processing parameters is investigated in this work. Through the femtosecond-laser single-pulse central ablation simulation model, the laser energy flux density in a Gaussian laser spot range was discretized and analyzed to calculate the ablation depth at multiple points separately. The cross-sectional morphology of the femtosecond-laser single-pulse ablation pits was approximated and fitted. Finally, a 3D simulation model of the whole process of multiscale femtosecond-laser spiral processing microholes was established by superimposing multipulse femtosecond-laser spiral trajectories. This provides a theoretical basis for analyzing the evolution of geometric parameters and morphological characteristics of the hole during machining with specific laser and process parameters.

Research Article

Fabrication and Optimization Design of Multilayer Flyer Plates for Laser-Driven Loading

The laser-driven flyer plate is an important loading technology in high energy physics, shock wave physics, and explosive initiation application. How to generate a high-velocity and intact flyer plate by using the laser is a matter of concern for laser driving. In this study, the multilayer flyer plates (MFPs) of Al/Al2O3/Al and TiO2/Al/Al2O3/Al with adjustable performance were designed and fabricated by magnetron sputtering and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), laser reflectance spectrometer, and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The effects of the structure and material on the output performance of MFPs were analyzed by photon Doppler velocimetry (PDV) and ultrahigh-speed video. The morphology results showed that the structure of MFPs had uniform and clear boundaries between side-by-side layers. The MFP velocity was controlled in the range of 4.0–6.0 km/s by adjusting the film thickness, structure, and thermite material with 43.1 J/cm2 laser ablation. Among them, the energetic flyers with the thermite ablation layer had the highest final velocity of 5.38 km/s due to the prestored energy of TiO2/Al. By appropriately increasing the thickness of Al2O3 from 0.4 μm to 0.8 μm, the complete flight of the flyer plate to 3.72 mm can be realized. In addition, TiO2/Al thermite film had characteristics of reaction heat release and lower laser reflectivity (72.13%) than the Al layer (80.55%), which explained the velocity enhancement effect of energetic flyer plates. This work provides facile strategy to enhance the output performance of MFPs, which may facilitate the practical applications of laser driving technology.

Research Article

Enhancement of Magnetic Vortex Acceleration by Laser Interaction with Near-Critical Density Plasma inside a Hollow Conical Target

The effects of magnetic vortex acceleration (MVA) are investigated with two-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations by laser interaction with near-critical density (NCD) plasma inside a hollow conical plasma. Energetic and collimated proton beams can be accelerated by a longitudinal charge-separation field. Energetic protons with a peak energy of 220 MeV are produced in PIC simulations. Compared with a uniform NCD plasma, both the cutoff energy and collimation of proton beams are improved remarkably. Furthermore, the influence of different gap sizes of cone tip is taken into account. For optimizing magnetic vortex acceleration, the gap size of the cone tip is suggested to match the focal spot size of laser pulse.

Laser and Particle Beams
Publishing Collaboration
More info
CUP logo
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate23%
Submission to final decision75 days
Acceptance to publication20 days
CiteScore2.400
Journal Citation Indicator0.240
Impact Factor1.160
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Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.