Table of Contents
Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 1-12

The Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Boron Derivatives in Rodents

1Division of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7360, North Carolina, USA
2Boron Biologicals, Inc., 620 Hutton street, Raleigh 27606, North Carolina, USA
3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Utah State University, Logan 84322, Utah, USA

Received 22 March 1994; Accepted 19 April 1994

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Acyclic amine-carboxyboranes were effective anti-inflammatory agents in mice at 8 mg/kg x 2. These amine-carboxyboranes were more effective than the standard indomethacin at 8 mg/kg x 2, pentoxifylline at 50 mg/kg x 2, and phenylbutazone at 50 mg/kg x 2. The heterocyclic amine derivatives as well as amine-carbamoylboranes, carboalkoxyboranes, and cyanoboranes were generally less active. However, selected aminomethyl-phosphonate-N-cyanoboranes demonstrated greater than 60% reduction of induced inflammation. The boron compounds were also active in the rat induced edema, chronic arthritis, and pleurisy screens, demonstrating activity similar to the standard indomethacin. The compounds were effecive in reducing local pain and decreased the tail flick reflex to pain. The derivatives which demonstrated good anti-inflammatory activity were effective inhibitors of hydrolytic lysosomal, and proteolytic enzyme activities with IC50 values equal to 10-6M in mouse macrophages, human leukocytes, and Be Sal osteofibrolytic cells. In these same cell lines, the agents blocked prostaglandin cyclooxygenase activity with IC50 values of 10-6M. In mouse macrophage and human leukocytes, 5′ lipoxygenase activity was also inhibited by the boron derivatives with IC50 values of 10-6M. These IC50 values for inhibition of these enzyme activities are consistent with published values of known anti-inflammatory agents which target these enzymes.