Table of Contents
Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 199-205
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/MBD.1997.199

Fe-EDTA-Bisamide and Fe-ADR-925, The Iron-Bound Hydrolysis Product of the Cardioprotective Agent Dexrazoxane, Cleave DNA Via the Hydroxyl Radical

1Department of Chemistry, Kenyon College, Gambier, 43022, OH, USA
2Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley 94720, CA, USA

Received 12 February 1997; Accepted 20 February 1997

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Use of the antitumor drug doxorubicin is limited by cardiomyopathic side-effects which are believed to be due to iron-mediated hydroxyl radical generation. Dexrazoxane reduces this cardiotoxicity, possibly by removal of iron from doxorubicin by the EDTA-like hydrolysis product of dexrazoxane, ADR-925. However, EDTA-diimides like dexrazoxane, previously used as antitumor agents, are themselves carcinogenic, and recent studies have found that Fe-ADR-925 can also promote hydroxyl radical production. This study demonstrates that, like Fe-EDTA, Fe-ADR-925 and a related desmethyl complex can cleave plasmid DNA under Fenton conditions, and suggests by radical scavenger study that this cleavage is probably via the hydroxyl radical. Differences in DNA cleavage dependence upon concentrations of Fe-EDTA, Fe-ADR-925 and Fe-EDTA-bisamide can be explained by differences in the solution chemistry of the complexes.