Table of Contents
Metal-Based Drugs
Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 135-141

Radioprotectant Activity of 5-Diethylsulfonamoylsalicylatocopper(II) in Gamma Irradiated Mice

1Research Center, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff 71601, Arkansas, USA
2Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Campus, Little Rock 72205, Arkansas, USA

Received 17 March 1999; Accepted 31 March 1999

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Survival and changes in mean body mass of whole-body irradiated mice were determined to examine the radioprotectant activity of 5-diethylsulfonamoylsalicylatocopper(II) [Cu(II) (5-DESS)]. One of four groups of 25 female C57BL/6 mice were treated subcutaneously (sc)with 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, or 120 μmol Cu(II)(5- DESS)/kg of body mass 3 hours before exposure to 8.0 Gy, gamma irradiation. In this paradigm, doses of Cu(II)(5- DESS) increased survival up to 92% above vehicle-treated control mice (P = 0.008) . Mean body mass determinations revealed that mice treated with 80 to 120 μmol Cu(II)(5-DESS)/kg of body mass exhibited a smaller decrease in body mass than other complex-treated groups. These results support the hypothesis that Cu(II)(5-DESS) is an effective radioprotectant.