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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 49-54

Neutrophil recruitment inhibitory factor: a possible candidate for a novel cytokine

1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP 14049, Brazil
2Department of Parasitology, Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP 14049, Brazil

Copyright © 1992 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Inhibitory effect upon neutrophil migration to the inflammatory focus was previously detected in the cell-free incubation fluid of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage monolayers. In the present study we showed that the neutrophil recruitment inhibitory activity from this supernatant was mainly detected in a fraction (P2) obtained by gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl S-300. P2 fraction was able to inhibit ‘in vivo’ neutrophil emigration induced by different inflammatory stimuli, but it did not affect ‘in vitro’ neutrophil chemotaxis induced by FMLP. When injected intravenously, P2 inhibited oedema induced by carrageenin or immunological stimulus but not the oedema induced by dextran, thus affecting cell-dependent inflammatory responses. It was observed that P2 also induced neutrophil migration when injected locally in peritoneal cavities. This activity was significantly reduced by pretreatment of the animals with dexamethasone. Cytokines, such as IL-8 and TNF-α that are known to exhibit inhibitory effect upon neutrophil migration, were not detected in P2 fraction by highly sensitive assays. Overall the results suggest the existence of a novel cytokine exhibiting ‘in vivo’ neutrophil inhibitory activity, referred as NRIF.