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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 3 (1994), Issue 7, Pages S39-S41

Effect of Cromoglycate on Gas Changes, During Bronchial Challenge by UNCDW in Children with Asthma

Istituto di Pediatria Clinica e Sociale, University of Bari Policlinico, Piazza G. Cesare, Bari 70124, Italy

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Eighteen asthmatic children were challenged with ultrasonically nebulized cold distilled water (UNCDW). Blood gas composition was monitored transcutaneously (tcpO2 and tcpCO2) during and after the challenge. Assuming as basal the response to this UNCDW test, nine children (Group A) were then chosen at random to inhale cromoglycate by aerosol delivery for 8 days. Nine children (Group B), acting as a control, inhaled saline for 8 days. At the end of this therapy, each child repeated the UNCDW test. Statistical analysis with t-test for paired data was used to compare the results of each child to both tests. Mean basal tcpO2 and tcpCO2 were all within the expected normal range. In all children, both mean tcpO2 and tcpCO2 were reduced during and after UNCDW inhalation. Mean tcpCO2 values during the challenge were significantly (p<0.001) lower than the corresponding steady state 2 rain after the UNCDW challenge, with a mean drop of −7% (2.1 S.D.). Mean tcpO2 values remained significantly decreased (p<0.001) from the fifth mitt of the UNCDW challenge to the end of the observation period, with a mean drop of −20% (15.5 S.D.). After treatment with cromoglycate (Group A), the mean tcpCO2 values during UNCDW did not change significantly from those ofsteady state conditions: −0.8% (0.5 S.D.); whereas mean tcpO2 values decreased by −4% (4.9 S.D.). The control children treated with saline (Group B) showed mean tcpCO2 and tcpO2 values which were significantly different (p<0.001) from those of the steady state conditions: mean drop of tcpCO2, −6% (4.2 S.D.); mean drop of tcpO2, −20% (4.7 S.D.). In conclusion, it emerges that: UNCDW induces nonspecific broncho-constriction in asthmatic children with a typical drop of tcpCO2 and tcpO2; the treatment with cromoglycate normalizes the time course of tcpCO2 (hyper-reactivity) and reduces dramatically the drop of tcpO2 time course (hyper-responsivity) during and after the UNCDW test.