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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4 (1995), Issue 2, Pages 103-106

The effects of platelet activating factor and retinoic acid on the expression of ELAM-1 and ICAM-1 and the functions of neutrophils

Department of Pathophysiology, Second Military Medical University, 800 Xiang Yin Road, Shanghai 200433, China

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Preincubation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) with platelet-activating factor (PAF) for 3.5 h increased the adhesion rate of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) to PMVECs from 57.3% to 72.8% (p < 0.01). Preincubation of PMNs with PAF also increased PMN-PMVEC adhesion rate. All-trans retinoic acid (RA) blocked the adherence of untreated PMNs to PAF-pretreated PMVECs but not the adherence of PAF-pretreated PMNs to untreated PMVECs. PAF increased the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and E-selection (ELAM-1) on PMVECs, PMN chemotaxis to zymosan-activated serum and histamine, and PMN aggregation and the release of acid phosphatase from PMNs. Co-incubation of RA inhibited PAF-induced PMN aggregation, the release of acid phosphatase from PMNs, and PMN chemotaxis to zymosan-activated serum and histamine while the expression of ICAM-1 and ELAM-1 did not change. Our results suggest that RA can be used to ameliorate PMN-mediated inflammation.