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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4 (1995), Issue 3, Pages 217-221
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S0962935195000354

The evidence for histamine H3 receptor-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation in isolated rat aorta

Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty University of Belgrade, Visegradska 26/II, P.O. Box 783, Belgrade 11000, Serbia

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The presence of histamine H3 receptors was evaluated on the rat aorta endothelium. In the presence of pyrilamine (1 nM, 7 nM, 10 nM) or thioperamide (1 nM, 10 nM, 30 nM) the concentration–response curve for histamine-induced (0.1 nM − 0.01 mM) endothelium-dependent rat aorta relaxation was shifted to the right without significant change of the Emax indicating competitive antagonism by pyrilamine (pA2 = 9.33 ± 0.34, slope = 1.09 ± 0.36) or thioperamide (pA2 =9.31 ± 0.16, slope=0.94 ± 0.10). Cimetidine (1 μM) did not influence histamine-induced endothelium-dependent rat aorta relaxation. In the presence of thioperamide (1 nM, 10 nM, 30 nM) the concentration–response curve for (R)α-MeHA-induced (0.1 nM − 0.01 mM) endothelium-dependent relaxation was shifted to the right without significant change of Emax indicated competitive antagonism by thioperamide (pA2 = 9.21 ± 0.4, slope = 1.03 ± 0.35). Pyrilamine (100 nM) or cimetidine (1 μM) did not influence (R)α-MeHA-induced endothelium-dependent rat aorta relaxation. These results suggest the presence of a heterogenous population of histamine receptors, H1 and H3, on rat aorta endothelium.