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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 4 (1995), Issue 4, Pages 257-262
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S096293519500041X

Isolation and partial chemical characterization of macrophage-derived neutrophil chemotactic factor

1Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, São Paulo, 14, Ribeirão Preto 049-900, Brazil
2Department of pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, São Paulo, 14, Ribeirão Preto 049-900, Brazil

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) release a factor (MNCF; macrophage-derived neutrophil chemotactic factor) which induces neutrophil migration in vivo and in vitro. The in vivo chemotactic activity of crude MNCF is not affected by pretreating the animals with dexamethasone, an uncommon characteristic which discriminates MNCF from known chemotactic cytokines. We purified MNCF by affinity chromatography of the supernatant from LPS-stimulated macrophages on immobilized D-galactose, followed by gel filtration of the sugar-binding material on Superdex 75. The activity was eluted in the volume corresponding to a MW of 54 kDa. SDS–PAGE of this preparation revealed a single band, also corresponding to a 54 kDa protein. MNCF is an acidic protein (pI < 4) as shown by chromatofocussing. Like the crude MNCF, the homogeneous protein induced neutrophil migration in vitro as well as in vivo. This was not modified by dexamethasone pretreatment.