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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 257-262

An immunoassay for the measurement of (1→3)-β-D-glucans in the indoor environment

1Environmental and Occupational Health, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 238, Wageningen 6700 AE , The Netherlands
2Institute of Molecular Cell Biology, BioCentrum Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An inhibition enzyme immunoassay was developed for quantitation of (1→3)-β-D-glucans in the indoor environment. Immunospecific rabbit antibodies were produced by immunization with bovine serum albuminconjugated laminarin.The laminarin calibration curve ranged from 40 to 3000 ng/ml.Another (1→3)-β-D-glucan (curdlan) showed a similar inhibition curve, but was less reactive on a weight basis. Pustulan, presumed to be (1→3)-β-D-glucan, also showed immunoreactivity in the assay. Control experiments indicated that this was due to (1→3)-β-D-glucan structures. Other non-(1→3)-β-D-glucan polysaccharides did not react. (1→3)-β-Dglucan was detectable in dust from a variety of occupational and environmental settings. We conclude that the new assay offers a useful method for indoor (1→3)-β-Dglucan exposure assessment.