Laura Madrigal-Estebas, Derek G. Doherty, Diarmuid P. O'Donoghue, Conleth Feighery, Cliona O'Farrelly, "Differential expression and upregulation of interleukin-1α, interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 by freshly isolated human small intestinal epithelial cells", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 11, Article ID 248290, 7 pages, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1080/09629350210000015728
Differential expression and upregulation of interleukin-1α, interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 by freshly isolated human small intestinal epithelial cells
Background: Small intestinal epithelial cells (SIEC) may contribute to local immune regulation.Aim: To examine production of interleukin (IL)-1α , IL-1β and IL-6 by freshly isolated human SIEC.Methods: IL-1α and IL-1β mRNA in epithelial layers (EL) prepared from small intestine and in intestinal epithelial cell (EC) lines were examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. IL-1α, IL-1β and IL-6 protein expression by SIEC was examined by flow cytometry before and after activation with lipopolysaccharide and epithelial growth factor.Results: IL-1α and IL-1β mRNA was detected in EL and EC lines. Background expression of IL-1α and IL-1β protein by SIEC was observed, which did not increase even following activation. IL-6 protein was expressed by SIEC, in a proportion that increased in two out of three samples following activation.Conclusions: IL-6 expression and the presence of IL-1α and IL-1β mRNA suggest a role for SIEC in the regulation of local inflammation.
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