Mediators of Inflammation

Mediators of Inflammation / 2002 / Article

Open Access

Volume 11 |Article ID 573402 | https://doi.org/10.1080/09629350210000015746

E. Jablonska, "Effect of soluble interleukin-6 receptor α and interleukin-6 secreted by polymorphonuclear leukocytes on tumor necrosis factor-α expression and its production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 11, Article ID 573402, 4 pages, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1080/09629350210000015746

Effect of soluble interleukin-6 receptor α and interleukin-6 secreted by polymorphonuclear leukocytes on tumor necrosis factor-α expression and its production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Abstract

Background: It has recently been shown that soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6R) alone or complexed with interleukin (IL)-6, besides their regulatory role in a wide variety of both normal and abnormal biologic reactions mediated by IL-6, could be an effective stimulator of the cell function.Aims: The key question of the present study is whether the sIL-6Rα or sIL-6R with IL-6 released by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) can influence cytokine secretion such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), which together with PMN develop the inflammatory and immune response of a host.Methods: Cells were isolated from heparinized whole blood of healthy persons. The PMN were cultured for 1 h at 37°C in 5% CO2. After incubation, the culture supernatant of PMN was removed and was added to PBMC. The PBMC were cultured for 1 h at 37°C in the same conditions. In the culture supernatants and lysates of PMN, we examined the concentrations of sIL-6R by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). TNF-α was measured at both protein and mRNA levels. Protein levels were determined by ELISA. To examine TNF-α mRNA expression, we isolated mRNA from PBMC after culture, using TRIZOL Reagent. The quantity of mRNA TNF-α was determined by the Quantikine mRNA assay.Results and conclusion: The results obtained revealed that sIL-6R with IL-6 secreted by PMN may play a regulatory role in the immune response by modulating the TNF-α expression and its production by PBMC. This may have a significant influence on an early phase of the inflammation and other reactions mediated by TNF-α.

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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