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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 12, Issue 6, Pages 345-353

Oxidative and adhesive responses of human neutrophils to nitrovasodilators in vitro: the role of protein kinases

1Microbiology and Virology Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lodowa 106, Lodz 93-232, Poland
2Department of Clinical Immunology, Institute of Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital, Lodz, Poland

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and molsidomine are used in the treatment of coronary heart disease. Since the neutrophils play a pathological role in ischaemic heart disease, it is important to understand the direct action of nitrovasodilators on their function.

Aim: We examined the effects of SNP and 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1, molsidomine metabolite) on the respiratory burst of human neutrophils and their adhesion sin vitro. The influence of nitric oxide (NO) donors on the activity of protein kinases, which are involved in the NADPH oxidase activation, was also investigated.

Methods: The respiratory burst of neutrophils was determined by chemiluminescence and fluorescence methods, while the adhesion was assayed by adherence of neutrophils to the plastic surface.

Results: NO donors decreased the oxidative burst of activated neutrophils. However, the effects of SNP and SIN-1 strongly depended on the treatment time of neutrophils and on the stimulus employed to cells activation. Protein kinase C inhibitor did not prevent the inhibitory effect of SIN-1, but diminished the inhibitory effect of SNP on the neutrophils' respiratory burst. Protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor did not affect the action of SNP, but diminished the inhibitory effect of SIN-1 on fMLP-stimulated but not on PMA-stimulated oxidative burst of neutrophils. This suggests that SNP action is mainly associated with protein kinase C, while SIN-1 is associated with protein tyrosine kinase activity. We also found that SIN-1 but not SNP diminished the adhesive activity of neutrophils.

Conclusions: Our data show that SIN-1 biological effect on some neutrophils activity is different from both spermine NONOate and SNP, and mainly depends on ONOO, while SNP action is mediated by NO.