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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 13, Issue 5-6, Pages 369-372
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S0962935104000559

Eosinophil infiltration, gastric juice and serum eosinophil cationic protein levels in Helicobacter pylori-associated chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer

1Department of Gastroenterology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty of Medicine, Iç Hastaliklari ABD, Gastroenteroloji BD, Zonguldak 67800, Turkey
2Department of Immunology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty of Medicine, Iç Hastaliklari ABD, Gastroenteroloji BD, Zonguldak 67800, Turkey
3Department of Pathology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty of Medicine, Iç Hastaliklari ABD, Gastroenteroloji BD, Zonguldak 67800, Turkey
4Department of Internal Medicine, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty of Medicine, Iç Hastaliklari ABD, Gastroenteroloji BD, Zonguldak 67800, Turkey

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori is one of the main causes of gastroduodenal diseases, such as chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer. It has been shown that eosinophils increase in the stomach in H. pylori infection. Eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP) is a cytotoxic molecule secreted by the activated eosinophils. However, there are no sufficient data about the role of ECP in H. pylori infection and its effect on ulcer development. In this study we investigated the gastric eosinophilic infiltration, gastric juice and serum ECP levels in patients with chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer associated with H. pylori.

Materials and methods: Forty-four H. pylori-positive and 20 H. pylori-negative patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy after admitting with dyspeptic complaints were enrolled in the study. Twenty-one of the H. Pylori-positive patients had gastric ulcer while 23 patients had none. During endoscopy, multiple gastric biopsies and juices were taken. In gastric biopsies, H. pylori and eosinophilic infiltration were assessed. Additionally, gastric juice and serum ECP levels were measured.

Results: Eosinophil infiltration, gastric juice ECP levels, and gastric juice/serum ECP ratios in the H. pylori-positive group were greater than in the H. pylori-negative group (p<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference regarding serum ECP levels between the two groups (p>0.05). When H. pylori-positive patients were compared with regard to gastric ulcer presence, however, there was no significant difference in gastric eosinophil infiltration, gastric juice ECP levels, serum ECP levels, and gastric juice/serum ECP ratios (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that eosinophils and eosinophil-released ECP may contribute to inflammatory changes seen in chronic gastritis, whereas there is no proof that they play a role in ulcer development.