Ricardo González, Cheyla Romay, Aluet Borrego, Frank Hernández, Nelson Merino, Zullyt Zamora, Enis Rojas, "Lipid Peroxides and Antioxidant Enzymes in Cisplatin-Induced Chronic Nephrotoxicity in Rats", Mediators of Inflammation, vol. 2005, Article ID 524369, 5 pages, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1155/MI.2005.139
Lipid Peroxides and Antioxidant Enzymes in Cisplatin-Induced Chronic Nephrotoxicity in Rats
Cisplatin (CDDP), an anticancer drug, induces remarkable toxicity in the kidneys of animals and humans and it has been well documented that reactive oxygen species and the renal antioxidant system are strongly involved in acute renal damage induced by CDDP. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether or not the renal antioxidant system plays also an important role in chronic renal damage induced by repeated doses of CDDP (1 mg/kg intraperitoneally twice weekly during 10 weeks in rats). In order to elucidate it, serum creatinine and urea levels, renal glutathione and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) content, as well as renal superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities were measured in the kidney homogenates of chronically CDDP-treated rats and additionally histological studies were performed in the rat kidneys. The chronic treatment with CDDP induced a significant increase in creatinine and urea levels in serum, but the other parameters mentioned above were not significantly modified as compared to the values in nontreated rats. Taking into account these results, we conclude that chronic CDDP administration induces also severe nephrotoxicity, in contrast to CDDP acute application, without any significant modification in the activity of relevant antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, renal glutathione and lipid peroxides, by which the role of the antioxidant system in chronic nephrotoxicity induced by CDDP in rats is uncertain.
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