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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 193970, 10 pages
Research Article

Interleukin (IL)-4 Induces Leukocyte Infiltration In Vivo by an Indirect Mechanism

INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Université du Québec, Laval, Québec, Canada H7V 1B7

Received 19 February 2009; Accepted 23 June 2009

Academic Editor: Francesco Marotta

Copyright © 2009 Claude Ratthé et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Interleukin (IL)-4 is a cytokine known mainly for its anti-inflammatory activity. Using the in vivo murine air pouch model, we found that IL-4 significantly increased the number of leukocytes after 9 hours of treatment, consisting mainly of neutrophil (60%) and monocytic (40%) cell populations. Using an antibody array, we found that the expression of several analytes (predominantly CCL2) was increased by IL-4 before the arrival of leukocytes. The IL-4-induced expression of CCL-2 was confirmed by ELISA. Air pouch resident lining cells were harvested and were found to express IL-4R . CCL2 mRNA expression was monitored in lining cells, cells isolated from the air pouch skin, in RAW264.7 macrophage and in epithelial Mode-K cells and its expression was increased in response to IL-4 in all conditions. We conclude that IL-4 can attract leukocytes in vivo by an indirect mechanism involving the production of several analytes by, at least, resident cells.