Mediators of Inflammation / 2009 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Gender Differences Relating to Metabolic Syndrome and Proinflammation in Finnish Subjects with Elevated Blood Pressure

Table 1

Demographic, clinical, biochemical, and lifestyle factors of subjects.

VariablesMenWomen -value
( )

Demographic
Age, years47 (6)48 (6)0.38
Age distribution, years36–5736–57NS
Body mass index, kg/ 27.1 (3.8)27.1 (5.2).98
Waist circumference, cm95 (11)85 (13) .001
Clinical
Blood pressure, mmHg
Systolic146 (15)144 (14).10
Diastolic88 (9)85 (8) .001
Medication for hypertension (%)40 (14)40 (15).93
Medication for hyperlipidemia (%)12 (4.4)5 (2.0).092
Medication for diabetes (%)6 (2.0)7 (3.0).75
Biochemical
Total cholesterol, mmol/l5.9 (1.1)5.7 (1.0).11
HDL cholesterol, mmol/l1.3 (0.3)1.5 (0.4) .001
Triglycerides, mmol/l1.7 (1.4)1.3 (0.6) .001
fP-glucose, mmol/l6.0 (0.7)5.7 (0.6) .001
Lifestyle
Number of current smokers (%)94 (34)52 (19) .001
Number of alcohol users (%)243 (88)212 (78) .001
Number of physically active (%)87 (31)78 (27).48

HDL: high density lipoprotein; fP: fasting plasma. (mean SD in parentheses for continuous variables number of subjects, percentage in parentheses for dichotomous variables).

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.