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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2011, Article ID 606718, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/606718
Research Article

Intraperitoneal Oxygen/Ozone Treatment Decreases the Formation of Experimental Postsurgical Peritoneal Adhesions and the Levels/Activity of the Local Ubiquitin-Proteasome System

1Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Pharmacology “L. Donatelli”, 2nd University of Naples, 80138 Naples, Italy
2Department of Anesthesiological, Surgical, and Emergency Sciences, 2nd University of Naples, 80138 Naples, Italy

Received 14 June 2011; Revised 1 August 2011; Accepted 3 August 2011

Academic Editor: Antonio Maccio

Copyright © 2011 Clara Di Filippo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We have investigated whether an oxygen/ozone (95%O2/5%O3) mixture would have potential against the formation of experimental postsurgical peritoneal adhesions. In two groups of rats, one control intraperitoneally injected with 3 mL/rat of O2 and one intraperitoneally injected with oxygen/ozone mixture (3 mL/rat equivalent to 300 μg/kg ozone), we induced a midline laparotomy and an enterotomy at the level of the ileum to encourage the formation of peritoneal adhesions. Samples were taken from the parietal peritoneal tissue to assess the formation of adhesions 0 and 10 days after the surgical procedure and to assess the levels of ubiquitin and 20S proteasome. We found decreased formation of postsurgical peritoneal adhesions after treatment of the rats with 300 μg/kg ozone associated with a decreased levels of ubiquitin and 20S proteasome subunit within the adhered tissue. Oxygen/ozone mixture is potentially useful for approaching the post-surgical peritoneal adhesions, and the UPS system is involved in this.