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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 434560, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/434560
Review Article

The Diagnostic Function of OCT in Diabetic Maculopathy

1Department of Ophthalmology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, ul. M. Sklodowskiej-Curie 9, 85-090 Bydgoszcz, Poland
2Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Gdansk, ul. M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 80-214 Gdansk, Poland

Received 16 August 2013; Accepted 25 October 2013

Academic Editor: Antonela Gverović Antunica

Copyright © 2013 Bartosz L. Sikorski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetic maculopathy (DM) is one of the major causes of vision impairment in individuals with diabetes. The traditional approach to diagnosis of DM includes fundus ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography. Although very useful clinically, these methods do not contribute much to the evaluation of retinal morphology and its thickness profile. That is why a new technique called optical coherence tomography (OCT) was utilized to perform cross-sectional imaging of the retina. It facilitates measuring the macular thickening, quantification of diabetic macular oedema, and detecting vitreoretinal traction. Thus, OCT may assist in patient selection with DM who can benefit from treatment, identify what treatment is indicated, guide its implementing, and allow precise monitoring of treatment response. It seems to be the technique of choice for the early detection of macular oedema and for the followup of DM.