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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 418185, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/418185
Review Article

Roles of Chronic Low-Grade Inflammation in the Development of Ectopic Fat Deposition

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 1 Youyi Street, Chongqing 400016, China

Received 23 February 2014; Revised 13 May 2014; Accepted 16 May 2014; Published 21 July 2014

Academic Editor: Fábio Santos de Lira

Copyright © 2014 Lulu Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Pattern of fat distribution is a major determinant for metabolic homeostasis. As a depot of energy, the storage of triglycerides in adipose tissue contributes to the normal fat distribution. Decreased capacity of fat storage in adipose tissue may result in ectopic fat deposition in nonadipose tissues such as liver, pancreas, and kidney. As a critical biomarker of metabolic complications, chronic low-grade inflammation may have the ability to affect the process of lipid accumulation and further lead to the disorder of fat distribution. In this review, we have collected the evidence linking inflammation with ectopic fat deposition to get a better understanding of the underlying mechanism, which may provide us with novel therapeutic strategies for metabolic disorders.