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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2014, Article ID 835837, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/835837
Research Article

Maternal Plasma and Amniotic Fluid Chemokines Screening in Fetal Down Syndrome

1Department of Perinatology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Bialystok, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 24a, Podlasie, 15-276 Bialystok, Poland
2Department of Reproduction and Gynecological Endocrinology, Medical University of Bialystok, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 24a, 15-276 Bialystok, Poland
3Department of Clinical Molecular Biology, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 12, 15-269 Bialystok, Poland

Received 12 July 2014; Accepted 23 October 2014; Published 16 November 2014

Academic Editor: Sandra Helena Penha Oliveira

Copyright © 2014 Piotr Laudanski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Chemokines exert different inflammatory responses which can potentially be related to certain fetal chromosomal abnormalities. The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of selected chemokines in plasma and amniotic fluid of women with fetal Down syndrome. Method. Out of 171 amniocentesis, we had 7 patients with confirmed fetal Down syndrome (15th–18th weeks of gestation). For the purpose of our control, we chose 14 women without confirmed chromosomal aberration. To assess the concentration of chemokines in the blood plasma and amniotic fluid, we used a protein macroarray, which allows the simultaneous determination of 40 chemokines per sample. Results. We showed significant decrease in the concentration of 4 chemokines, HCC-4, IL-28A, IL-31, and MCP-2, and increase in the concentration of CXCL7 (NAP-2) in plasma of women with fetal Down syndrome. Furthermore, we showed decrease in concentration of 3 chemokines, ITAC, MCP-3, MIF, and increase in concentration of 4 chemokines, IP-10, MPIF-1, CXCL7, and 6Ckine, in amniotic fluid of women with fetal Down syndrome. Conclusion. On the basis of our findings, our hypothesis is that the chemokines may play role in the pathogenesis of Down syndrome. Defining their potential as biochemical markers of Down syndrome requires further investigation on larger group of patients.