Mediators of Inflammation / 2014 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Leukocyte Production of Inflammatory Mediators Is Inhibited by the Antioxidants Phloretin, Silymarin, Hesperetin, and Resveratrol

Figure 4

Production of the differentiation factors G-CSF and GM-CSF. Human PBMCs were cultured for 18 hrs in media alone, stimulated with Aa Y4 LPS (1 μg/mL), or treated with the Phloretin, Silymarin, Hesperetin, or Resveratrol at a concentration of  M for 2 hrs prior to LPS challenge. After 18 hrs, the concentrations of (a) G-CSF and (b) GM-CSF were assayed by cytometric bead array. ANOVA was performed for statistical analysis, indicating statistical significance versus LPS, independent donors.

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