Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2015, Article ID 342345, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/342345
Research Article

Relationship among Short and Long Term of Hypoinsulinemia-Hyperglycemia, Dermatophytosis, and Immunobiology of Mononuclear Phagocytes

1Department of Biological Sciences, School of Sciences, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 17033-360 Bauru, SP, Brazil
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biosciences of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil
3Department of Clinical, Toxicological and Bromatological Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), 14040-903 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
4Botucatu Blood Center, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 18618-970 Botucatu, SP, Brazil

Received 29 April 2015; Revised 27 June 2015; Accepted 26 July 2015

Academic Editor: Ana P. M. Serazani

Copyright © 2015 Thais F. C. Fraga-Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Dermatophytes are fungi responsible for causing superficial infections. In patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), dermatophytosis is usually more severe and recurrent. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the influence of short and long term hypoinsulinemia-hyperglycemia (HH) during experimental infection by Trichophyton mentagrophytes as well as alterations in the mononuclear phagocytes. Our results showed two distinct profiles of fungal outcome and immune response. Short term HH induced a discrete impaired proinflammatory response by peritoneal adherent cells (PAC) and a delayed fungal clearance. Moreover, long term HH mice showed low and persistent fungal load and a marked reduction in the production of TNF-α by PAC. Furthermore, while the inoculation of TM in non-HH mice triggered high influx of Gr1+ monocytes into the peripheral blood, long term HH mice showed low percentage of these cells. Thus, our results demonstrate that the time of exposure of HH interferes with the TM infection outcome as well as the immunobiology of mononuclear phagocytes, including fresh monocyte recruitment from bone marrow and PAC activity.