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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2015, Article ID 373070, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/373070
Research Article

Effects on Serum Fractalkine by Diet and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Intervention: Relation to Clinical Outcome

1Center for Clinical Heart Research, Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Postboks 4956 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Postboks 1078 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
3Center for Heart Failure Research, Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, 0407 Oslo, Norway
4Oslo Centre for Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Research Support Services, Oslo University Hospital, Postboks 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway

Received 27 November 2014; Accepted 20 January 2015

Academic Editor: Fulvio D’Acquisto

Copyright © 2015 Kristian Laake et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Fractalkine is a chemokine associated with atherosclerosis. Increased serum levels have been reported in unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) and to predict mortality in heart failure. Mediterranean-like diet and omega-3 fatty acids (n3-PUFA) have documented cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. We have investigated the effect of Mediterranean-like dietary counseling and n-3 PUFA on serum fractalkine in an elderly population and its ability to predict cardiovascular disease (CVD). Materials and Methods. 563 men (age 64–75 yrs) at high risk of CAD were randomized into a 2 × 2 factorial designed trial for 3-year dietary counseling and/or n-3 PUFA supplementation (2.4 g/d). Circulating levels of fractalkine were measured at baseline and at end of study. Clinical events were recorded after 3 years. Results. Fractalkine levels were significantly reduced in all groups from baseline to 3 years (, all), but without between-group differences in changes. Fractalkine levels at baseline were not predictive for CVD events () or total mortality. Lower fractalkine levels were observed in smokers (). Conclusions. Reduced levels of fractalkine from baseline to 3 years were observed, however, without any influence of Mediterranean-like diet or n-3 PUFA supplementation. Fractalkine levels at baseline were not predictive for later CVD events.