Table 1: Baseline characteristics of the health of study participants.

TotalMenWomen value

Number530270260
Age (years)44.9 ± 9.443.9 ± 9.345.9 ± 9.30.013
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.2 ± 3.524.8 ± 3.223.5 ± 3.72.2 × 10−5
Waist circumference (cm)84.6 ± 9.787.4 ± 7.881.61 ± 10.51.6 × 10−12
Hypertension 9.6%8.9%10.4%0.331
Diabetes mellitus2.5%2.6%2.3%0.528
Obesity 36.6%44.1%28.8%1.9 × 10−4
Adiponectin (mg/L)7.25 ± 4.905.45 ± 3.449.13 ± 5.457.8 × 10−21
CRP (mg/L)1.04 ± 1.351.09 ± 1.400.99 ± 1.310.060
Fibrinogen (mg/dL)262.6 ± 68.9260.3 ± 70.9265.0 ± 66.90.432
sE-selectin (ng/mL)52.7 ± 25.660.0 ± 26.845.0 ± 21.84.1 × 10−14
sP-selectin (ng/mL)136.9 ± 115.0149.8 ± 128.9123.6 ± 97.00.004
sVCAM1 (ng/mL)488.1 ± 132.7491.4 ± 153.0484.86 ± 108.00.724
sICAM1 (ng/mL)241.0 ± 112.8245.6 ± 109.7236.1 ± 116.00.215
sTNFR2 (pg/mL)3240.4 ± 922.43308.8 ± 969.13169.5 ± 867.70.082
MCP1 (pg/mL)73.5 ± 60.680.0 ± 70.766.8 ± 47.10.011
IL6 (pg/L)4.1 ± 7.64.4 ± 9.03.9 ± 5.80.569
MMP1 (pg/mL)483.8 ± 1201.4351.9 ± 585.6620.2 ± 1597.20.850
MMP2 (ng/mL)126.0 ± 40.9122.4 ± 41.8129.8 ± 39.60.038
MMP9 (ng/mL)143.7 ± 112.5156.7 ± 114.4130.3 ± 109.20.008
SAA (mg/L)5.90 ± 15.426.68 ± 19.645.10 ± 9.320.374

CRP: C-reactive protein; sE-selectin: soluble E-selectin; sP-selectin: soluble P-selectin; sVCAM1: soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1; sICAM1: soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1; TNFR2: tumor necrosis factor-alpha receptor 2;  MCP1: monocyte chemotactic protein-1; IL6: interleukin-6; MMP1: matrix metalloproteinase-1; MMP2: matrix metalloproteinase-2; MMP9: matrix metalloproteinase-9; SAA: serum amyloid A. Continuous variables are presented as mean ± SD.
CRP: patients with CRP levels >10 mg/L excluded.