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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3074902, 8 pages
Research Article

The Early Expression of HLA-DR and CD64 Myeloid Markers Is Specifically Compartmentalized in the Blood and Lungs of Patients with Septic Shock

1Nalecz Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 4 Trojdena Street, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland
2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, The Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, Czerniakowska 231 Street, 00-416 Warsaw, Poland
3The 1st Clinic of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, The Medical University of Warsaw, Lindleya 4 Street, 02-005 Warsaw, Poland

Received 7 March 2016; Revised 12 May 2016; Accepted 23 May 2016

Academic Editor: Helen C. Steel

Copyright © 2016 Tomasz Skirecki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Identification of reliable biomarkers is key to guide targeted therapies in septic patients. Expression monitoring of monocyte HLA-DR and neutrophil CD64 could fulfill the above need. However, it is unknown whether their expression on circulating cells reflects the status of tissue resident cells. We compared expressions of HLA-DR and CD64 markers in the circulation and airways of septic shock patients and evaluated their outcome prognostic value. The expression of CD64 on neutrophils and HLA-DR on monocytes was analyzed in the peripheral blood and mini-bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells by flow cytometry. Twenty-seven patients with septic shock were enrolled into the study. The fluorescence intensity of HLA-DR on circulating monocytes was 3.5-fold lower than on the pulmonary monocytes (). The expression of CD64 on circulating and airway neutrophils was similar (). Only the expression of CD64 on circulating neutrophils was higher in nonsurvivors versus survivors (2.8-fold; ). Pulmonary monocytes display a higher level of HLA-DR activation compared to peripheral blood monocytes but the expression of neutrophil CD64 is similar on lung and circulating cells. Death in septic patients was effectively predicted by neutrophil CD64 but not monocytic HLA-DR. Prognostic value of cellular activation markers in septic shock appears to strongly depend on their level of compartmentalization.