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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4121837, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4121837
Review Article

Inflammation Thread Runs across Medical Laboratory Specialities

Labormedizinisches Zentrum Dr. Risch and Kantonsspital Graubünden, 7000 Chur, Switzerland

Received 31 March 2016; Accepted 31 May 2016

Academic Editor: Jose C. Rosa

Copyright © 2016 Urs Nydegger et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We work on the assumption that four major specialities or sectors of medical laboratory assays, comprising clinical chemistry, haematology, immunology, and microbiology, embraced by genome sequencing techniques, are routinely in use. Medical laboratory markers for inflammation serve as model: they are allotted to most fields of medical lab assays including genomics. Incessant coding of assays aligns each of them in the long lists of big data. As exemplified with the complement gene family, containing C2, C3, C8A, C8B, CFH, CFI, and ITGB2, heritability patterns/risk factors associated with diseases with genetic glitch of complement components are unfolding. The C4 component serum levels depend on sufficient vitamin D whilst low vitamin D is inversely related to IgG1, IgA, and C3 linking vitamin sufficiency to innate immunity. Whole genome sequencing of microbial organisms may distinguish virulent from nonvirulent and antibiotic resistant from nonresistant varieties of the same species and thus can be listed in personal big data banks including microbiological pathology; the big data warehouse continues to grow.