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Mediators of Inflammation
Volume 2016, Article ID 6761050, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6761050
Research Article

A Novel Oxidative Stress Mediator in Acute Appendicitis: Thiol/Disulphide Homeostasis

1Department of General Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, 01170 Adana, Turkey
21209 Sok., Akay Apt. No. 6, Palmiye Mahallesi, Mersin, Turkey
3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Yildirim Beyazit University, 01170 Ankara, Turkey

Received 12 April 2016; Revised 6 July 2016; Accepted 19 July 2016

Academic Editor: Julio Galvez

Copyright © 2016 Sefa Ozyazici et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To investigate the role of a novel oxidative stress marker, thiol/disulphide homeostasis, in patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis (AA). Methods. In this study, seventy-one (43 male and 28 female) patients diagnosed with AA and 71 (30 male and 41 female) healthy volunteers were included. Age, gender, body mass index (BMI), haemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC), c-reactive protein (CRP), and thiol/disulphide homeostasis parameters (native thiol, total thiol, disulphide, disulphide/native thiol, native thiol/total thiol, and disulphide/total thiol ratios) were compared between the groups. Thiol/disulphide homeostasis was determined by a newly developed method by Erel and Neselioglu. Results. The native thiol, total thiol, and the native thiol/total thiol ratio levels were statistically significantly decreased in the AA compared with the control group (). Disulphide level and the ratios of disulphide/native thiol and disulphide/total thiol were higher in the AA group than in the control group (). There was a negative correlation of CRP with native thiol, total thiol, and native thiol/total thiol ratio while there was a positive correlation of CRP with disulphide/native thiol and disulphide/total thiol in the AA group. In the stepwise regression model, risk factors as disulphide/native thiol (OR = 1.368; ) and CRP (OR = 1.635; ) were determined as predictors of perforated appendicitis compared to the nonperforated group. Conclusion. This is the first study examining the thiol/disulphide homeostasis as a diagnostic aid in AA and establishing thiol/disulphide homeostatis balance shifted towards the disulphide formation due to thiol oxidation. Further studies are needed to optimize the use of this novel oxidative stress marker in AA.