Table 4: Association between adventitial VV and clinical dichotomous variables in CKD patients.

Right VVLeft VV
CKD 3-4CKD 5DCKD 3-4CKD 5D
Median [IQR] value
Median [IQR] value
Median [IQR] value
Median [IQR] value

Sex
 Man0.69 0.5860.65 0.6450.60 0.2750.52 0.708
 Woman0.68 0.61 0.56 0.55
Diabetes
 No0.65 0.3970.56 0.0380.59 0.8810.52 0.604
 Yes0.73 0.70 0.57 0.57
Hypertension
 No0.86 0.1880.66 0.5340.69 0.6610.50 0.604
 Yes0.67 0.59 0.58 0.54
Dyslipidemia
 No0.66 0.9210.57 0.6980.65 0.1550.55 0.860
 Yes0.70 0.63 0.57 0.50
Smoking status
 Nonsmoker0.70 0.0620.63 0.4600.56 0.0680.55 0.450
 Former smoker0.53 0.70 0.68 0.53
 Smoker0.79 0.56 0.64 0.47

Differences in the right or the left adventitial VV distribution depending on sex, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and smoking in nondialysis and dialysis patients.