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Figure 5: Inflammatory, ER stress, and cell death gene markers in EDL muscles. (a) Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (Mcp-1), (b) EGF-like module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor-like 1 (F4/80), (c) transforming growth factor β1 (Tgf-β1), (d) cluster of differentiation 68 (Cd68), (e) cluster of differentiation 163 (Cd163), (f) inducible nitric oxide (iNos), (g) arginase, (h) tumour necrosis factor α (Tnfα), (i) interleukin 1β (IL-1β), (j) myeloperoxidase (Mpo), (k) glucose-regulated protein 78 (Grp78), and (l) caspase 3 gene expression in the EDL muscle at 12 weeks of age, represented as fold change ± SEM (). using Student’s t-test.