Minimally Invasive Surgery

Minimally Invasive Surgery / 2014 / Article

Letter to the Editor | Open Access

Volume 2014 |Article ID 209248 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/209248

Safak Ekinci, Serkan Bilgic, Kenan Koca, Mehmet Agilli, Omer Ersen, "Comment on “Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery for Tubercular Spondylitis”", Minimally Invasive Surgery, vol. 2014, Article ID 209248, 2 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/209248

Comment on “Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery for Tubercular Spondylitis”

Academic Editor: Othmar Schöb
Received27 Nov 2014
Accepted02 Dec 2014
Published07 Dec 2014

We have read the published paper by Singh et al. [1] with great interest. In their study, the authors evaluated the outcome of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in 9 patients (males = 6, females = 3) with clinicoradiological diagnosis of tubercular spondylitis of the dorsal spine. But they said “We performed video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in 9 patients (males = 6, females = 7) with tubercular spondylitis of the dorsal spine at our centre from January 2009 to December 2011” in Patients and Method section.

Besides this little mistake, they said “Absolute indications for surgery in patients with spinal tuberculosis under active treatment are approximately 6% in those without neurologic deficit and approximately 60% in those with neurologic deficit” in Discussion section [1]. Although the objective of the study is noteworthy, we would like to offer additional points that should be discussed with patients with spinal tuberculosis during the decision-making and therapy planning processes.

Some scientists reported that paradoxal responses are defined as worsening of existing symptoms or the appearance of new lesions in patients who initially responded well to antituberculous therapy [2, 3].

Triple-drug antituberculous chemotherapy can play a main role in treating tuberculosis [4] if the lesion is without complications and is limited to the vertebrae. However, with proper indications, surgical procedures are superior in the prevention of neurological deterioration, maintenance of stability, and early recovery [5, 6].

Currently, there are few widely accepted classification systems based on objective data that can provide guidance on selecting the proper treatment approach for patients with spinal tuberculosis. In 2008, Oguz et al. [7] developed a classification system for spinal tuberculosis based on seven clinical and radiological criteria (abscess formation, vertebral collapse, disc degeneration, sagittal index, kyphosis, instability, and neurological problems). At this system, spinal tuberculosis is divided into three types (Type I A/B, Type II, and Type III) by using these criteria and it also recommends specific therapeutic techniques for each type. Contrary to authors, they recommended surgery for Type I B (abscess formation, one- or two-level disc degeneration, no collapse, and no neurologic deficit), Type II, and Type III patients with or without neurological deficit [7].

We believe that this classification system should be considered as a practical guide for spinal tuberculosis treatment planning in all countries.

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

References

  1. R. Singh, P. Gogna, S. Parshad, R. K. Karwasra, P. K. Karwasra, and K. Kaur, “Video-assisted thoracic surgery for tubercular spondylitis,” Minimally Invasive Surgery, vol. 2014, Article ID 963497, 8 pages, 2014. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  2. V. C. C. Cheng, P. L. Ho, R. A. Lee et al., “Clinical spectrum of paradoxical deterioration during antituberculosis therapy in non-HIV-infected patients,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 803–809, 2002. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  3. J. H. Park, Y. H. Kim, C. H. Kwon, and H. I. Shin, “Paralysis developing as a paradoxical response during the treatment for tuberculous spondylitis: a case report,” Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 405–409, 2014. View at: Google Scholar
  4. M.-S. Moon, Y.-W. Moon, J.-L. Moon, S.-S. Kim, and D.-H. Sun, “Conservative treatment of tuberculosis of the lumbar and lumbosacral spine,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 398, pp. 40–49, 2002. View at: Google Scholar
  5. A. R. Rezai, M. Lee, P. R. Cooper et al., “Modern management of spinal tuberculosis,” Neurosurgery, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 87–98, 1995. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  6. M. Ghadouane, O. Elmansari, N. Bousalmame, K. Lezrek, H. Aouam, and I. Moulay, “Role of surgery in the treatment of Pott’s disease in adults. Apropos of 29 cases,” Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Reparatrice de l'Appareil Moteur, vol. 82, no. 7, pp. 620–628, 1996. View at: Google Scholar
  7. E. Oguz, A. Sehirlioglu, M. Altinmakas et al., “A new classification and guide for surgical treatment of spinal tuberculosis,” International Orthopaedics, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 127–133, 2008. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar

Copyright © 2014 Safak Ekinci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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